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Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and their specific areas of expertise.Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective (usually), a clear focus on the research problem under investigation, and precise word choice.This should be a critical evaluation and you should try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues you have identified are the most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.
You are advised to use this glossary in conjunction with the following Study Guides: Writing essays and Thought mapping written by Student Learning Development. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter-arguments as well.
Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
It must be cohesive and possess a logically organized flow of ideas; this means that the various parts are connected to form a unified whole.
There should be narrative links between sentences and paragraphs so that the reader is able to follow your argument.
However, most college-level research papers require careful attention to the following stylistic elements: I.
The Big Picture Unlike fiction or journalistic writing, the overall structure of academic writing is formal and logical.Like specialist languages adopted in other professions, such as, law or medicine, academic writing is designed to convey agreed meaning about complex ideas or concepts for a group of scholarly experts.The accepted form of academic writing in the social sciences can vary considerable depending on the methodological framework and the intended audience.To write a good essay, you firstly need to have a clear understanding of what the essay question is asking you to do.Looking at the essay question in close detail will help you to identify the topic and ‘directive words’ (Dhann, 2001), which instruct you how to answer the question.Understanding the meaning of these directive words is a vital first step in producing your essay.This glossary provides definitions of some of the more typical words that you may come across in an essay question.Literally make something clearer and, where appropriate, simplify it.This could involve, for example, explaining in simpler terms a complex process or theory, or the relationship between two variables.This can be the use of particular terminology by an author, or what the findings from a piece of research suggest to you.In the latter instance, comment on any significant patterns and causal relationships.