Tags: Business Plan Goals And Objectives ExamplesCreative Writing ExtractsAnnotated Bibliography Essay TopicsIn The Time Of The Butterflies EssayPhd Dissertation International RelationsEssay Gendered Rhetorical SpaceSteps To Solve ProblemsMasters In Creative Writing Online Australia
As they grow older, children shift from noncompetitive games (such as peekaboo and playing house) to contests (such as footraces and ball games).In the game stage (more accurately, the stage of competitive games), children encounter stricter rules and regulations.Pregame “butterflies in the stomach” are as familiar to an athlete as stage fright is to an actor.
Why do some people find their primary identity as athletes, and what happens when injury, age, or loss of motivation brings their athletic careers to an end?
More generally, what impact do sports have on an individual’s character, relationships, thoughts, and feelings?
Why do some continue to participate actively in sports throughout their lives while others are content to watch?
Different questions arise when one asks how people are changed as a result of their socialization into sports.
They develop a reflexive conception of the self and its position in relation to others, and they learn to see themselves as others see them.
Through socialization with “significant others” and with the “generalized other,” children develop their sense of identity and self. In most premodern societies, boys were encouraged by their families to compete in sports, which were presumed to prepare them for their adult roles as warriors and workers, while girls were encouraged to continue to play noncompetitive games that prepared them for motherhood.The role of socializer into sports has been played by many actors, among them parents, older siblings, peers, teachers, coaches, and elite athletes appearing in the mass media.In the course of the 20th century, parents and older siblings became relatively less influential while coaches and elite athletes became more influential.In modern as in premodern societies, there is a tendency for sports participation to decline with age because of both the added responsibilities and time demands of paid employment and of parenthood and the physical decline of the body.Early socialization into sports is the best predictor of lifelong involvement in sports.In modern societies, boys and young men continue to outnumber girls and young women involved in sports competition, but the gender gap has narrowed considerably.This has been true for the private clubs that organize European sports as well as for the interscholastic and intercollegiate teams that are a prominent feature of the North American sports landscape.(“Sociology of Sports”) in 1921, it was not until 1966 that an international group of sociologists formed a committee and founded a journal to study the place of sports in society.Since then, many universities have established centres for research into the sociology of sports.Socialization is the process by which people become familiar with and adapt themselves to the interpersonal relationships of their social world.Through socialization, people develop ideas about themselves and about those with whom they interact.