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Like any effective argument, the literature review must have some kind of structure.For example, it might begin by describing a phenomenon in a general way along with several studies that demonstrate it, then describing two or more competing theories of the phenomenon, and finally presenting a hypothesis to test one or more of the theories.
An APA-style research report begins with a title page.
The title is centred in the upper half of the page, with each important word capitalized.
Instead, it constitutes a kind of argument for why the research question is worth addressing.
By the end of the literature review, readers should be convinced that the research question makes sense and that the present study is a logical next step in the ongoing research process.
Immediately after the opening comes the literature review, which describes relevant previous research on the topic and can be anywhere from several paragraphs to several pages in length.
However, the literature review is not simply a list of past studies.The title should clearly and concisely (in about 12 words or fewer) communicate the primary variables and research questions.This sometimes requires a main title followed by a subtitle that elaborates on the main title, in which case the main title and subtitle are separated by a colon.The introduction begins on the third page of the manuscript.The heading at the top of this page is the full title of the manuscript, with each important word capitalized as on the title page.Here we consider each of these sections in detail, including what information it contains, how that information is formatted and organized, and tips for writing each section.At the end of this section is a sample APA-style research report that illustrates many of these principles.Individual researchers differ quite a bit in their preference for such titles.Some use them regularly, while others never use them.At the end of the meeting, the friend’s mother was asked whether she had any questions.She replied that she only had one question: “Should I tip? 3) Although both humour and personal anecdotes are generally discouraged in APA-style writing, this example is a highly effective way to start because it both engages the reader and provides an excellent real-world example of the topic under study.