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Moreover, the assumed access and application of relevant bodies of knowledge from other contexts is highly problematic.Across content areas, the standards address problem-solving in the form of being able to improvise, decide, inquire, and research.
Our analysis charts the influence of the teacher's task structuring and interventions on the children's problem-solving behaviour.
The results indicate that the design process is highly complex and not always communicated successfully by teachers.
What children typically encounter in design and technology projects are different problems requiring different approaches according to the kind of task and the stage reached in its solution.
The popular idea that ‘problem solving’ in technology denotes a holistic ‘design-and-make’ process is hence under challenge.
Each question that the problem raises must be addressed by thorough and systematic investigation to arrive at a well-grounded solution.
Therefore, the term “problem-solving” can be considered to include inquiry.Critical literacy, or reading beyond the text, then, is a fundamental aspect of inquiry and so of problem-solving.Search for critical literacy resources by using “critical literacy” and your grade level, and be sure to look at the tools provided in this text’s Teacher Toolbox. Problem-based learning (PBL) is a teaching approach that combines critical thinking, problem- solving skills, and inquiry as students explore real-world problems.To solve such problems, students need to be able to use both problem-solving skills and an effective inquiry process. Inquiry in education is also sometimes called research, investigation, or guided discovery.During inquiry, students ask questions and then search for answers to those questions.The end result of problem-solving is typically some kind of decision, in other words, choosing a solution and then evaluating it. Close-ended problems are those with known solutions to which students can apply a process similar to one that they have already used.For example, if a student understands the single-digit process in adding 2 plus 2 to make 4, she most likely will be able to solve a problem that asks her to add 1 plus 1.In doing so, they come to new understandings in content and language.Although inquiry is an instructional strategy in itself, it is also a central component of problem-solving when students apply their new understandings to the problem at hand.A case study of an 11-week project was undertaken with four pupils aged 13.In-depth classroom observation and interviews allowed us to investigate the problem solving used in designing and making a kite, and the pupils' ‘application’ of the knowledge required.