, one of the 'Bunk' series, was the first visual artwork to include the word 'POP'.
RICHARD HAMILTON (1922- 2011) 'Just what is it that makes today's homes so different, so appealing?
They were Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg, the forerunners of American Pop Art.
JASPER JOHNS (1930-) 'Numbers in Color', 1958-59 (encaustic and newspaper on canvas) Jasper Johns' early artworks question how we look at, perceive and make art.
It included different styles of painting and sculpture from various countries, but what they all had in common was an interest in mass-media, mass-production and mass-culture.
EDUARDO PAOLOZZI (1924- 2005) 'I was a Rich Man's Plaything' , 1947 (collage) The word 'POP' was first coined in 1954, by the British art critic Lawrence Alloway, to describe a new type of art that was inspired by the imagery of popular culture.A black and white version of this collage was used as the cover for the catalogue of the 'This Is Tomorrow' exhibition at the Whitechapel Gallery in 1956.This show heralded a widening of our understanding of what culture is and inspired a new generation of young British artists that included Eduardo Paolozzi, Peter Blake, David Hockney, Allen Jones, Joe Tilson, Derek Boshier, Richard Smith and R. JASPER JOHNS (1930-) 'White Flag', 1955 (encaustic, oil, newspaper, charcoal on canvas) Pop art in America evolved in a slightly differently way to its British counterpart.British Pop artists adopted a similar visual technique but focused their attention on the mass imagery of popular culture which they waved as a challenge in the face of the establishment.Richard Hamilton’s collage of 1956, is the ultimate catalogue of pop art imagery: comics, newspapers, advertising, cars, food, packaging, appliances, celebrity, sex, the space age, television and the movies.Picasso had done something similar forty years previously when he collaged 'real world' printed images onto his still lifes, as he feared that his painting was becoming too abstract.Around 1955, two remarkable artists emerged who would lay the foundations of a bridge between Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art.It coincided with the globalization of pop music and youth culture, personified by Elvis and the Beatles.Pop Art was brash, young and fun and hostile to the artistic establishment.His use of such neutral icons offered him a subject that was immediately recognisable but so ordinary that it left him free to work on other levels.His subjects provided him with a structure upon which he could explore the visual and physical qualities of his medium.