Federalist Democratic Republican Essay

Federalist Democratic Republican Essay-81
Federalists attacked Jefferson as an atheist, a supporter of the anarchic (in the Federalist view) French Revolution, while Jefferson’s Republicans assailed Adams as a monarchist, someone who might even restore royalist rule in the United States.Adams won by a slim margin, with Jefferson becoming his vice-president.The Democratic Republicans, sometimes known as Jeffersonian Republicans, and the Federalists created a vaguely defined, ramshackle first party system that played an important role in the politics of the new nation and several of its states between the early 1790s and the early 1820s.

Federalists attacked Jefferson as an atheist, a supporter of the anarchic (in the Federalist view) French Revolution, while Jefferson’s Republicans assailed Adams as a monarchist, someone who might even restore royalist rule in the United States.Adams won by a slim margin, with Jefferson becoming his vice-president.The Democratic Republicans, sometimes known as Jeffersonian Republicans, and the Federalists created a vaguely defined, ramshackle first party system that played an important role in the politics of the new nation and several of its states between the early 1790s and the early 1820s.

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Democratic-Republican factionalism at its most vicious. Each party felt that the other was out to destroy America and subvert the Constitution.

Accusations against Adams again centered on his supposed royalist leanings and his support of the Alien and Sedition Act, which allowed anyone who criticized the president to be thrown in jail.

President George Washington adopted Federalist views, as did John Adams, America’s second president.

However, the Federalists were opposed by the Democratic-Republicans (sometimes simply called the Republicans) led by Thomas Jefferson, who felt that the Federalist view gave the government too much power over the states and also favored a narrow slice of New England mercantile interests over the rest of the country.

But Jefferson’s vice-presidential post did nothing to keep him from continuing to attack the Federalist Party, whose rule he called in 1798 “a reign of witches.” The sharply delineated views of America’s first two political parties, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, would shape the politics of the country for decades to come.

The election of 1800, a rematch between Adams and Jefferson, saw Federalist vs.But as the country moved westward, the party became defined as a northeastern political elite, out of touch with the newly democratized spirit that would result in the popular vote by 1828.The Democratic-Republicans would undergo a shift, morphing by the late 1820s into the populist party of Andrew Jackson, and later into today’s Democratic Party.The sharply delineated views of America’s first two political parties, the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, would shape the politics of the country for decades to come.The Federalist Party was formed around 1787 after Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison wrote the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for a strong federal government which had a central bank, a standing army and tax laws.At the other extreme, New England remained Federalist territory, with the Democratic Republicans carrying only a minority of the congressional elections.Also, with the exception of 18, they lost all the New England states to the Federalists in presidential elections, except for Vermont in 18.Victory or defeat depended upon the mid-Atlantic states, where a decision for George Clinton or for his nephew De Witt Clinton in Pennsylvania would have made the uncle the vice president in 1792 and his nephew president in 1812.A victory in this state for John Adams in 1800 would have given him a second term as president.Jefferson, on the other hand, could have won the presidency in 1796 by carrying New York.The same sectional patterns determined state politics.

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