Anthem is a depiction of the Ayn Rand's view on collectivism, and introduces us to the ideals of objectivism.
The protagonist of the novel, Prometheus is born into a society which worships the word "we," and in which the individual is crushed and his identity erased by the great power of collectivism.
The state has forbidden humans from speaking or even thinking of the word "I." Society has mandated, under punishment of death, that all first-person references are with the plural "we," even when the reference is to a single person. In short order, they come to realize that the two issues are the same.
Over a period of centuries, the rulers have managed to extirpate all knowledge of the word "I" from the language. Despite the suppressive methods of the Councils, some members of this society retain individuality.
Now he has been marked for death for committing the ultimate sin.
A thesis statement takes the argument presented by an entire doctoral thesis and attempts to condense it into a single paragraph.
No one has a personal name; instead each is tagged with generalized concepts of collectivism such as Equality, International, Solidarity, and so on.
This attempt to extirpate all elements of individuality similarly explains why each person has a number attached to this collectivist label.
Prometheus values freedom because people have been deprived of it for years and he understands the power of freedom.
"Dare not choose in your minds the work you would like to do..." (22).