Most of the industrialists are not very keen on providing the facilities and proper working conditions to the workers.
They are more interested in getting their work done to the maximum extent.
The workers are not made permanent even after many years of service and in some cases they are removed from service summarily.
The trade unions provide security to the employees in such situations.
Most of the industries try to exploit the workers to the maximum.
They do not provide any benefits such as increasing their wages, granting sick leaves, giving compensation in case of accidents, etc.A single unit in a particular industry may employ hundreds of employees.Many times a worker or employee may not have a chance to see their managers.This follows that progress in one right has an influence on the other and withdrawal of one impact the other (United Nations Human Rights, 2011).Whelan and Donnelly (2007) argue that Western countries have advocated economic and social rights strongly and consistently over the period of time, leading to the post-World War era as we cope now.The economic conditions of the industrial workers in India are very poor. A majority of industrial workers in India are illiterate or semi-literate.It is the responsibility of the trade unions to get them proper housing facilities and promote the socio-economic welfare of the laborers.Some of the most important functions of the trade union are as follows: i.Increasing Co-operation and Well-being among Workers ii. Establishing Contacts between the Workers and the Employers iv. The modern industry is complex and demands specialization in jobs.In such conditions, trade unions fight on behalf of the workers and see that the facilities have been provided by the management.In present days, there are many industries, which have grown into giants.