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In a few cases, English referents have replaced the original Latin ones (e.g., "rest in peace" for RIP and "post script" for PS).Latin was once the universal academic language in Europe.It is most often used in citations in a similar way to "ibid", though "ibid" would usually be followed by a page number.
In general, use abbreviations in charts, tables, graphs, footnotes, bibliographies, and other places where space is at a premium. are likely to think you mean the word ‘am’ and misread, or at least have to pause to see what it is you really mean. means “after noon,” use no other expression of time of day with them. Here is a place where it’s useful to have a copy of your discipline’s style book. If I pick a style-sheet and stick with it, at least my choice is defensible should anybody take issue with it.
Reference the full name first in the body of the text with the abbreviation in parenthesis. may either be written in all capital letters or all lower case, but choose one style and stick with it. None of these abbreviations are separated by commas. (OK informally; not standard use, no number.) Correct: We will meet at p.m. Corbett notes that, ) do call for using an apostrophe in the plural of abbreviations that include periods.
Used interchangeably with "cf." in citations indicating the reader should compare a statement with that from the cited source.
Example: These results were similar to those obtained using different techniques (cp. Commonly used in economics, ceteris paribus allows for supply and demand models to reflect specific variables.
From the 18th century authors started using their mother tongues to write books, papers or proceedings.
Even when Latin fell out of use, many Latin abbreviations continued to be used due to their precise simplicity and Latin's status as a learnèd language.
Some people believe that it is short for 'regarding', especially if it is followed by a colon (i.e., "Re:").
Often abbreviated as "r." followed by the dates during which the king or queen reigned/ruled, as opposed to the monarch's dates of birth and death.
Used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
The AD or the Christian calendar era is based on the traditionally reckoned year of the conception or birth of Jesus of Nazareth, with AD counting years after the start of this epoch, and BC denoting years before the start of the epoch.