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Scott Thornbury, in his blog post “G is for Guided Discovery” explores what the ‘guided’ part of ‘guided discovery’ means – mainly the teacher grading the input to suit learners’ current level of undestanding, and often formulating targetted questions to getting them thinking about the particular elements we want them to discover.He also discusses the relation to consciousness-raising activities, which are often used in teaching vocabulary and grammar points.A lot of work has been done on the benefits of inductive versus deductive teaching in ELT, especially when it comes to teaching grammar points.
08 Essay Questions (4 20 total points) Question 1: From that data provided in the instructional video, report the expected mass of Na2O from the thermal decomposition of sodium bicarbonate. Question 2: Describe another test that could be done to verify the identity of the product of the thermal decomposition of sodium bicarbonate.
Answer: Another test that could be done is using limewater.
I then simply asked them to figure out: You can also do it on a more specific level, for instance looking at the structural features of a paragraph/essay with a specific function.
Here’s an example of a task I gave my students, which is looking at compare/contrast writing: Another activity often used in teaching academic writing is giving students two or more versions of a text and asking them to discover the differences and assess which one is better and why.
So here’s (a suggestion of) how to do it, focussing on teaching paragraph structure: – Provide students with (a) good example(s) of (a) text(s) which follow(s) the structural pattern(s) you would like them to adopt and will be understandable to your students, taking account of their current level of language competence.
– Provide students with questions about the example text(s) which guide them to discover its key structural features.But can Guided Discovery also be used for teaching essay writing?Since Scott Thornbury states “Guidance is typically mediated by questions, each question challenging learners to advance their understanding one further step”, I’d argue yes!working on something just above their current level of understanding that enhances their natural learning curiosity and progress.It also basically assumes that we learn by making, testing and adjusting hypotheses on the basis of input – and in Guided Discovery the teacher guides the input on which learners will base their hypotheses and prompts them with questions that scaffold the testing and adjusting stages.Guided Discovery is generally accepted to be effective in the long term because the learners are more actively involved in acquiring knowledge, which aids memory.As Scott Thornbury explains, the approach can be seen to fit in with a Sociocultural model of learning, where learners are encouraged to enter/work in their ‘zone of proximal development’, i.e.Answer: It is an environmental concern because it had huge effects when it ended up in the Somes River near Romania.It contaminated the drinking water and killed lots of wildlife in its path. What was discovered, was that cornstarch could be used to extract gold instead of cyanide.Communication is the major channel for exchanging information.People do their best to share valuable data with others, but it is impossible without defining the informative essay topics and following the structure.