The teachings of Buddha were extremely simple and practical, ne fundamental principles of Buddha’s teachings are represented this Four Noble Truths. Right View Buddha then summarized the whole process by dividing the human body into three parts – Sila, Chitta and Prajna.
Buddha keenly felt about the pain and sufferings of human beings. The observance of the first three principles lead to the physical (Sila) development.
This effort also ended in failure as he found no answer therein.
He spent nearly six years in his futile effort to find the Truth. He received the light of knowledge – the means of salvation from human sufferings.
One of the specific contributions of Buddhism is its doctrine of an-atta or no-soul.
Dualistic Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and even Jainism postulate the existence of a soul behind the changing states of consciousness in every individual.Then Gautama went to Uruvela near modern Bodhgaya and sat in deep contemplation under a peepal tree. His name was changed from Gautama to Buddha, the Perfectly Enlightened One, at the age of thirty-five.The tree under which he got the light of knowledge became famous as Bodhi tree.Rather he developed a contemplative bent of mind and a deep compassionate nature.Observing these peculiar trends in the son’s personality, Suddhodan arranged for his marriage.He was brought up by his step mother, Mahaprajapati Gautami.Though born in an aristocratic family, right from his childhood, Gautama exhibited signs of detachment towards worldly affairs.He got him married to a beautiful princess named Yasodhara. But no such worldly attachments could make the prince happy.The cause of his unhappiness lay in his realization that the sufferings of the mankind were due to old age, disease and death.For Lord Buddha, the root of all sufferings lies in desire. Thus, an all-round development of the human being can be made by following the above eight-fold principles.Sufferings can stop with the annihilation of all desires. Then only can Nirvana be achieved – the eternal state of peace and bliss which means freedom from birth and death.