According to the Asian Development Bank, close to 25 million Filipinos still existed on less than USD $1.51 per day in 2010.
In 2017, the National Economic and Development Authority of the Philippines published the Philippine Development Plan, 2017-2022, detailing the country’s aspirations for the next five years.
Both the country’s religious makeup and its anglophony are the result of colonialism. colonialism had a formative impact on the development of the modern Philippine education system and various other aspects of Philippine society.
The Philippines was a Spanish colony for more than three centuries, a fact that shaped religious belief systems, before the U. occupied it in 1898 and ruled the country for nearly five decades, until independence in 1946. With the imposition of English in sectors like education, news media, and trade, the Spanish language became marginalized and faded.
This education profile describes recent trends in Philippine education and student mobility and provides an overview of the structure of the education system in the Philippines. Equally notable, English is a national language in the Philippines next to Filipino (Tagalog) and spoken by about two-thirds of the population, although there are still some 170 additional Malayo-Polynesian languages in use throughout the archipelago.
Notably, the Philippines is the only pre-dominantly Christian country in Asia (roughly 80 percent of the population is Roman Catholic).Recent education reforms have sought to boost enrollment levels, graduation rates and mean years of schooling in elementary and secondary education, and to improve the quality of higher education.Many of these reforms were adopted against a backdrop of declining educational standards in the Philippine education system during the first decade of the 21st century.The plan envisions the Philippines becoming an upper-middle income country by 2022, based on more inclusive economic growth that will reduce inequalities and poverty, particularly in rural areas.Human capital development is a key element in this strategy and has been the impetus behind various political reforms over the past years.As of now, however, Duterte’s hard-line policies are supported by a majority of the Filipino population.The President held a sky-high approval rating of 80 percent in opinion polls conducted in December 2017 – a far higher rating than any of the three preceding presidents.At the same time, poverty remains a major and pervasive problem in the Philippines, with efforts to reduce the problem progressing slowly and lagging behind improvements made in other Southeast Asian countries.Income disparities are rampant and economic growth is mostly concentrated in urban centers, while many rural regions remain plagued by extreme levels of poverty.Education spending as a percentage of overall government expenditures, meanwhile, declined from 18.2 percent in 1998 to 12.4 percent in 2005.Between 20 alone, average annual spending per public elementary and secondary school student fell from PHP 9,500 (USD 2.7) to PHP 8,700 (USD 7.3) in real terms.