Starch granules are quite resistant to penetration by both water and hydrolytic enzymes due to the formation of hydrogen bonds within the same molecule and with other neighboring molecules.
However, these inter- and intra-hydrogen bonds can become weak as the temperature of the suspension is raised.
Glucose is a simple sugar that's used as the main fuel source for the human body and most other life.
Starch is a very large storage molecule composed of many glucose molecules bonded together in long chains.
Thanks Starch is a very large storage molecule composed of many glucose molecules bonded together in long chains.
Maltose is a disaccharide - composed of two glucose molecules bonded together - that's produced when starch is broken down by the enzyme amylase.
The breakdown of large particles drastically reduces the viscosity of gelatinized starch solution, resulting in a process called liquefaction because of the thinning of the solution.
The final stages of depolymerization are mainly the formation of mono-, di-, and tri-saccharides.
Another closely related compound functioning as the glucose storage in animal cells is called glycogen, which has one branching per 12 glucose units.
The degree of branching and the side chain length vary from source to source, but in general the more the chains are branched, the more the starch is soluble.