Act Utilitarianism Vs Rule Utilitarianism Essay

Super-duper neuropsychologists could stimulate your brain so that you would think and feel you were writing a great novel, or making a friend, or reading an interesting book.All the time you would be floating in a tank, with electrodes attached to your brain.Bentham’s commitment to Hedonism means for him that goodness is just an increase in pleasure, and evil or unhappiness is just an increase in pain or decrease in pleasure.

Driven by a genuine desire for social reform, Bentham wanted to be as much involved in law, politics and economics as abstract philosophising.

Bentham developed his moral theory of Utilitarianism on the foundation of the type of hedonistic thinking described in section two.

” The experience machine guarantees us pleasure yet we find it unappealing compared to a real life where pleasure is far from assured.

This may suggest that our well-being is determined by other factors in addition to how much pleasure we secure, perhaps knowledge or friendships.

This understanding of hedonistic pleasure may help to explain why, for example, one person can gain so much pleasure from a Lady Gaga album while another gains nothing at all; the psychological responses to the music differ.

One important problem for Hedonism is that our well-being seems to be affected by more than just the total pleasure in our lives.

What separates Hedonism from other theories of well-being is that the hedonist believes that what defines a successful life is directly related to the amount of pleasure in that life; no other factors are relevant at all.

Therefore, the more pleasure that a person experiences in their life then the better their life goes, and vice versa.

Certainly, many believe that the relationship between what improves your life and what gives pleasure is not directly proportional, as the hedonist would claim.

Suppose there was an experience machine that would give you any experience you desired.


Comments Act Utilitarianism Vs Rule Utilitarianism Essay

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